Used for suspension and hoisting, a standard wire rope has three basic components. This type of rope has one or more strands, which spiral around a steel or fiber core. Most common of wire ropes have six strands. The components vary in both configuration and complexity. For that reason, the manufacturer can produce ropes for different purposes and with specific characteristics.
The three components of a wire rope include wires, strands, and the core. Depending on the use and customer specifications, these ropes are made from stainless steel, iron, steel, bronze, Monel metal, and high-carbon steel, with the latter being the most widely used. The ropes are also available in grades, each with unique properties that relate to the basic curve.